Transportation 2014

10 Triumphs of Canadian Transportation

10 Triumphs of Canadian Transportation

Canada wouldn’t have gone far as a nation without transportation. But we reached high, dug deep, crossed waters and scaled mountains. We linked people, markets and commerce. Together, we built a transportation industry that’s the envy of the world and that drives our economic and social wellbeing. Transportation 2014 celebrates this achievement by recognizing these 10 Triumphs of Canadian Transportation.

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Transportation 2014 campaign.

Avro Arrow Fighter Jet

The Avro CF-105 Arrow was a delta-winged interceptor aircraft, designed and built by Avro Canada as the culmination of a design study that began in 1953. In March 1958, the Avro CF-105 Arrow made its first high-speed flight, however less than a year later its development was abruptly halted, leaving many left to wonder what could have been. Avro also built the first Canadian passenger jet, the second in the world.

Calgary CTrain

Inaugurated in May, 1981, Calgary’s light rail transit (LRT) system first provided service on its 13-kilometre south leg to 40,000 passengers. Today, the popular CTrain carries over 275,000 passengers every weekday, more than any other light rail system in North America. It encompasses close to 56 km of double track and 44 CTrain stations.

Confederation Bridge

The Confederation Bridge links Prince Edward Island to New Brunswick making travel throughout the Maritimes easy and convenient. Because of its phenomenal length, (12.9 km), the Confederation Bridge uses a multi-span concrete box girder structure. The bridge is the longest in the world crossing ice-covered water.

Canadian Pacific Railway

The Canadian Pacific Railway is a historic Canadian rail carrier founded in 1881. Its completion in late 1885 made it the longest railway of the time, and was a considered a tremendous engineering and political accomplishment. The CPR now owns approximately 22,500 km of track across Canada and into the United States, stretching from Montreal to Vancouver.

St-Lawrence Seaway

The St-Lawrence Seaway is a bi-national(US and Canada) system of locks, canals, and channels. It was completed in 1959 and is over 3,700 km long. It allows ocean-type vessels to navigate from the Atlantic to the Great Lakes, as far as Lake Superior. It is one of the major North American transportation hubs: over 40 highways and close to 30 rail lines are connected to the 15 major ports of the system.

Toronto Pearson International Airport

The Toronto Pearson International Airport is named in honour of the late Canadian Prime Minister and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Lester Bowles Pearson. It is the largest and busiest airport in Canada. Construction of what would become the Pearson airport began in 1938. Today, Pearson serves as the hub of many Canadian airlines and handles over 30 million passengers annually.

Trans-Canada Highway

The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system crossing all ten Canadian provinces. The project was approved by the Trans-Canada Highway Act of 1949 and construction began in 1950. The highway officially opened in 1962, and was completed in 1971.

Trans-Canada Trail

For Canadians by Canadians, the Trans-Canada Trail is the longest network of recreational trails in the world, offering countless opportunities to explore Canada’s diverse landscapes and rich history by way of hiking, cycling, skiing, horseback riding, paddling and snowmobiling. As of early 2014, the Trail is 72% completed, and the bold mission is to fully connect it by 2017, Canada’s 150th anniversary. From the Atlantic to the Pacific to the Arctic oceans, through every province and territory, linking nearly 1,000 communities, the Trail will unite Canadians from coast to coast to coast.

Transcontinental Railway System

The transcontinental railway system was built during the second half of the 19th century as part of the creation of Canada. It contributed strongly to the settlement of western provinces while also enabling transportation of manufacturing goods and commodities to ports and major cities across the country. The backbone of the system was the Grand Trunk Railway (GTR), incorporated in 1852. The GTR later amalgamated with the Canadian National (1920) after it was nationalized in 1919. The creation of the Canadian Pacific completed the transcontinental railway system.

Vancouver SkyTrain

Launched in 1986, SkyTrain is the oldest and one of the longest fully-automated, driverless, rapid transit systems in the world. It connects downtown Vancouver to the cities of Burnaby, New Westminster, Surrey and Richmond, as well as the Vancouver International Airport.